Kosovo was a country deeply shaped because of the migration. An ever-increasing human body out of books will pay tribute to this. But not, yet, it offers hardly concerned about this new effects off return. Female returnees – and particularly highly trained women returnees – is actually considerably less more likely about focus of lookup. From this records, it papers looks at just how very skilled female Kosovars sense migration to help you North america or West Europe and their next come back to Kosovo. Contained in this options, the focus is on new feeling out-of migration for the participants’ gender norms as well as their tries to contour those who work in Kosovo up on go back. The outcomes show that most of the San Juan, TX women personals professionals knowledgeable its sojourn overseas as the empowering. Almost all made use of this empowerment and you may actively battled for gender equality after go back. But not, opposition because of the regional population and you can reintegration products impeded their involvement, prompting all the 2nd fellow member between the individuals interviewed for this investigation so you can thought lso are-emigration. Not surprisingly, two-thirds of one’s participants existed and proceeded the involvement to possess gender equality but always from inside the a modified style. Brand new papers closes one very skilled female come back migrants has actually great – whether or not delicate – possibility to offer gender equality in Kosovo.
For a long time, Kosovo has been a nation away from mass emigration. When you look at the 2018, a projected 854,198 Kosovar people existed overseas – as much as half of its resident people (Balkans Policy Browse Classification 2020). Which, it is no overstatement to say that the country is formed by the migration (Gollopeni 2016). This can be mirrored within the an evergrowing system of literature that displays blind areas, however, with regards to return migration and you will, particularly, female get back migration. Once the Queen and you can Lulle (2022) have demostrated really previous evaluation, this really is section of a wide lookup gap that overlooks this new phase regarding return migration regarding the research career off gender and you may migration. The sub-set of very skilled feminine returnees is also smaller the attract of your own literary works (Wong 2014).
A serious lead are acknowledging the latest common relationships ranging from migration and you will gender: not only will gender inhibit otherwise encourage migration however, migration is also profoundly replace the gender norms out-of migrants and source places (Hugo 2000; Queen and you will Lulle 2022)
Handling such openings, that it papers deals with issue of just how highly trained women Kosovars experience migration to United states or Western Europe as well as their then return to Kosovo. In particular, they looks at the new feeling away from migration towards the participants’ self-effect and you can gender norms and you may – based on this – its tries to reconfigure gender norms inside the Kosovo up on return. Toward good my studies, this is basically the first report one sheds light with this particular situation in the Kosovar context.
Attracting on the detail by detail knowledge gathered regarding 19 qualitative during the-depth interviews, brand new results teach that most participants knowledgeable their stand abroad as the empowering. A lot of them was indeed eager to challenge conservative gender norms through to their go back to Kosovo. It earnestly pushed to possess gender equality in their parents and circles from household members, in the office and you will thanks to volunteer really works. Yet not, that it warmth is in the future dampened by the regional population’s resistance and you may brand new interviewees’ significant reintegration problems. As a consequence, all of the next fellow member experienced lso are-emigration and you may around one-third in reality performed therefore. The others continued their wedding to own gender equivalence but usually in the an adapted and you will quite scaled back style. It need to be emphasised that almost all the players (in the course of composing which papers) got made a decision to stand and maintain to your producing gender equality. The fresh paper for this reason comes to an end you to definitely highly trained female come back migrants for the Kosovo features a definite potential to feel representatives off gender equivalence, not sensitive.